Page 9 - Robeson Living Fall 2018
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Pan Atlantic a small oil tanker company.  His first task was
          the overhauling of the ship Ideal X to carry 58 trailers.  On
          April 26, 1956 the first ship left Port Newark. Ports had to
          reconfigured to allow the larger ships to dock and to have
          room to hold thousands of containers.”  He enlarged his
          shipping interests by purchasing Waterman Steamship. He
          next formed a new parent corporation, McLean Industries,
          to oversee the operations of his three companies; McLean
          Trucking, Pan Atlantic and Waterman Steamship.  Soon he
          was plagued with a new problem, competitors were com-
          plaining about McLean Industries having a transportation
          monopoly. The Interstate Commerce Commission told Mc-
          Lean that he was going to have to choose between trucks
          and ships.  He chose to go forward with his shipping inter-
          ests and sold McLean Trucking.

          In 1960 McLean changed the name of Pan Atlantic to Sea
          Land Services, to better represent the nature its business.
          Never one to be satisfied, McLean began looking at ways
          to enlarge Sea Land.  Lying ahead of him was Europe and   James and Malcom with models of a McLean Truck
          its vast shipping needs.  Knowing that it would be much                and a Sea Land ship
          more profitable to return his ships and containers full from
          Europe, he hired 325 European truckers and choose Rotter-  ovated  the  Carolina  making  it  a  proud example  of south
          dam as a location for a containerport.  Hired to design the   hospitality  and  renamed  it  Pinehurst  Hotel.  They  built
          new facility was a Hollander named Frans Swarttouw.  In   the Member’s Club addition to the Clubhouse. They built
          1966 the new facility opened.  The first cargo was loaded   course  No. 6. Diamondhead inaugurated  new events  and
          upon the SS Fairland in Port Elizabeth that April, which   fully embraced a new modern approach to golf. It brought a
          made its round-trip voyage four weeks faster that its equiv-  PGA event to Pinehurst.
          alents.  New customers were lining up to bring McLean
          business.  “McLean  began running ads in the trade  pa-  The most lasting creation was the Golf Hall of Fame. The
          pers that said, “Use Sea-Land and we’ll ship your goods   PGA of America took over management in 1983 and ac-
          for free,” meaning that the money saved from extraneous   quired full ownership in 1986. In the late 1980s, then-PGA
          packing and other unnecessary charges would pay the   Tour Commissioner Deane Beman began touting the bene-
          company’s entire transportation bill”                 fits of having the facility near PGA headquarters in St. Au-
                                                                gustine, Fla, where it could lure in visitors traveling along
          McLean Industries, Inc began trading under the New York   the popular Interstate  95. In 1982 Pinehurst was sold to
          Stock Exchange symbol MII for the first time on Monday,   Club Corporation of America.
          December 2, 1968.  On that day McLean remembered his
          home town roots by bringing his first-grade teacher, Miss
          Marguerite Townsend to New York for the event and pur-  Shipping was in McLean’s blood and he could not stay
          chasing the first one hundred shares at $48 per share for her   away. He found his opportunity at U.S. Lines, a prestigious
          as a special thank you.
                                                                but ailing carrier he purchased in 1978. He eventually added
                                                                Moore McCormack Lines and Delta Steamship Lines and
           McLean  shocked the  shipping world when in 1969 he   opened new routes to South America, Africa and around the
          sold Sea-Land Services to RJR Industries and joined their   world.  Deciding to take a new risk, McLean set about the
          board.  His answer to those who asked why he would have   building of the 12 950-foot ships -- each capable of carry-
          done such a thing – his answer was simply greed.  The sale   ing 2,240 containers -- enough to fill a train 20 miles long.
          price of $500 million, realized McLean a personal profit of   McLean had banked that oil prices were going to continue
          $160 million.                                         to increase but by the early 80’s this was seen not to be
                                                                the case.  Battered by rate wars with competitors, McLean
          To keep busy McLean focused his energies on Diamond-  Industries began piling up losses and debts.  When asked
          head Corporation, his company that developed resorts in   about the company’s problems “If I had to do it over, I’d
          the south. In 1970 he purchased the resort village of Pine-  do the same thing,” including launching his super freight-
          hurst North Carolina for 9.2 million.
          During the decade the McLean owned Pinehurst they ren-                                              Page 9
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